To be successful when teaching a child that has Oppositional Defiance Disorer (ODD), it requires a lot of strategizing with a variety of different techniques. Not only is this type of task usually a difficult one, but it can also be very exhausting and challenging as well. However, it is important to stay focused and remain patient.
It’s Important to Remember ODD Behavior is Not Intentional
Regardless if a child is being taught at home or in a classroom setting, youíll find the following techniques will make the task much easier to accomplish. The result will be a much more peaceful and enjoyable atmosphere.
Any person that has ever attempted to teach children with ODD knows it can be quite frustrating. It is important to keep in mind however that these children also experience a lot of their own frustration.
While some ODD cases are due to neurochemical imbalances, problems from economic disadvantages and negligence are often issues that have caused a childís mental deficits. Even though it may seem like it, children with oppositional defiance disorder are not being intentional with their disruptive and defiant behavior.
Effective Oppositional Defiance Disorder Teaching Techniques
One of the most important steps is to learn specific activities or situations that cause a child with ODD to become frustrated. When a child has not been taught the proper coping skills to deal with frustrating situations, they often turn to inappropriate actions and behavior. This is why it is vital to regularly teach and reinforce acceptable skills of coping. Not only will this promote a calmer setting, but the childís self-esteem will also improve through their accomplishments.
Clearly state behavior expectations. It is unfair to expect great behavior from children, and especially those with ODD if you have not taken the time to clearly state exactly what you expect. Youíll want to first make certain you have the childís full attention.
Then, while clearly speaking in language that is age appropriate state the behavioral goals you expect them to abide by. It can be helpful to have the child repeat each expectation before and after teaching an activity. Progress for each day should also be monitored and recognized. Positive achievements should always be rewarded.
Praise is Important When Teaching a Child with ODD
Praise is something that all children love to hear. Even though you may feel as if a child with oppositional defiance disorder could care less about such things, this is far from the truth. Youíll find it to be amazing just how much a small reward, words of praise, or even a smile can help.
Child with ODD must know there are consequences for their actions. Just like positive behavior should be recognized, you will also want to address behavior that is inappropriate. Consequences are a part of every personís life. Itís important that children with ODD know this is something they have to face at home, school, and virtually every other area of life.
You’ll want to choose consequences for poor behavior that a child will want to avoid. Let the child know the consequences they will be facing when they choose to be disruptive or defiant. In some situations it can be effective to allow the child to pick from consequences you have set for bad behavior.